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## What is an Additive inverse?

An additive inverse of a number is defined as the value, which on adding with the original number results in zero value.

It is the value we add to a number to yield zero. Suppose, a is the original number, then its additive inverse will be minus of a i.e.,-a, such that;

**a + (-a) = a – a = 0**

**Example :**

Additive Inverse of 20 is -20, as 20 + (-20) = 20 – 20 = 0

Additive inverse of -19 is 19, as (-19) + 19 = -19 + 19 = 0

Additive inverse is also called the opposite of the number, negation of number or changed sign of original number.

## How to Find the Additive inverse?

The additive inverse of any given number can be found by changing the sign of it. The additive inverse of a positive number will be a negative, whereas the additive inverse of a negative number will be positive.

However, there will be no change in the numerical value except the sign. For example, the additive inverse of 8 is -8, whereas the additive inverse of -6 is 6.

The addition of a number and its additive inverse is equal to the additive identity.

Click here to know what is an additive identity and multiplicative identity along with examples.

## Properties

Additive inverse simply means changing the sign of the number and adding it to the original number to get an answer equal to 0.

The properties of additive inverse are given below, based on negation of the original number. For example, x is the original number, then its additive inverse is -x. So, here we will see the properties of -x.

- −(−x) = x
- (-x)² = x²
- −(x + y) = (−x) + (−y)
- −(x – y) = y − x
- x − (−y) = x + y
- (−x) × y = x × (−y) = −(x × y)
- (−x) × (−y) = x × y

## Additive Inverse of Different Numbers

We have understood that an additive inverse is added to a value to make it zero. Now this value can be a natural number, integer, rational number, irrational number, complex number, etc. Let us find the additive inverse of different types of numbers.

### Additive inverse of Natural or Whole Numbers

As we know, natural numbers are the positive integers. Therefore, the additive inverse of positive integers will be negative.

Whole numbers/Natural numbers | Additive Inverse | Result |

0 | 0 | 0+0 = 0 |

1 | -1 | 1+(-1) = 0 |

2 | -2 | 2+(-2) = 0 |

3 | -3 | 3+(-3) = 0 |

4 | -4 | 4+(-4) = 0 |

5 | -5 | 5+(-5) = 0 |

10 | -10 | 10+(-10) = 0 |

20 | -20 | 20+(-20) = 0 |

50 | -50 | 50+(-50) = 0 |

100 | -100 | 100+(-100) =0 |

### Additive Inverse of Complex Numbers

Complex numbers are the combination of real numbers and imaginary numbers. A + iB is a complex number, where A is the real number and B is the imaginary number.

Now the additive inverse of A + iB should be a value, that on adding it with a given complex number, we get a result as zero. Therefore, it will be -(A + iB)

**Example :** Additive inverse of 2 + 3i is -(2+3i)

2+3i + [-(2+3i)]

= 2+3i -2-3i

= 0

### Additive Inverse of Rational Numbers

Suppose a/b is a rational number such that the additive inverse of a/b is -a/b and vice versa.

Fraction | Additive Inverse | Result |

½ | -½ | (½) + (-½) = 0 |

¼ | -¼ | (¼) + (-¼) = 0 |

¾ | -¾ | (¾) + (-¾) = 0 |

⅖ | -⅖ | ⅖ + (-⅖) = 0 |

¹⁰⁄₃ | -¹⁰⁄₃ | ¹⁰⁄₃ + (-¹⁰⁄₃) = 0 |

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